Tag Archives: Chris Woolston

BIG JOB PROBLEMS FOR SCIENTISTS GET EVEN BIGGER IN 2017! MUCH MORE HELP IS NEEDED!

 

Much more money for research only makes science get even worse in 2017! (http://dr-monsrs.net)
Much more money for research only makes science get even worse in 2017!    (http://dr-monsrs.net)

Chris Woolston reports that Nature’s latest survey of job satisfaction by professional researchers “uncovered widespread dismay about earnings, career options, and future prospects”, and found that 1/3 of the respondents are unhappy [1] (see “Salaries: Reality Check” )!   Such a high level of job dissatisfaction by professionals is truly shocking!

Today, I am updating my dispatch from last year, “Job Problems for Scientists Get Bigger in 2016!”, because there is far too little effort by government officials, university administrators, leading research scientists, science societies, and the public to stop this very destructive situation!

What exactly are the biggest problems facing today’s research scientists?  

The largest problems currently damaging research are: (1) money (i.e., government agencies for science do not have enough money to support research by the ever-increasing number of doctoral scientists), (2) modern universities regard science departments as business entities where money is everything, and making important discoveries is not the primary goal, (3) applied research is being emphasized to the detriment of basic research, and (4) corruption in research is increasing and threatens the integrity of science.  This situation is much worse in academia than in industry (see “The Biggest Problems Killing University Science Still Prevail in 2016!” ).

Working research scientists begin to speak out!  

Harsh opinions of the ongoing problems for science and research are held by many faculty scientists, research associates, postdocs, and graduate students around the world.  Woolston’s figures reveal that 39% of all the different scientists responding would not recommend a research career [1]!

“There is no future in a research career in Italy” is stated by a female Italian molecular biologist working in Naples [1]!  A Ukranian postdoc working on physics in Australia does not recommend a science career to people who ask him [1]!  A faculty geneticist in Germany states, “Many people who wanted to do research end up as salespeople at some company” [1]!

Won’t more money for science solve these current problems?  

The public gives money for research via paying their annual taxes (i.e., all money in U.S. research grants comes from the taxpayers!).  Many people also donate money in response to repeated tearful cries for ‘more money to support more scientific research’.  Unfortunately, history shows that increased research funding never solves these grave problems!  More money is not the answer!

My view is that any giant new increase in research support only makes the current problems get even bigger (see “Huge Additional Money for Research Will be Bad for Universities and Their Science!” ).   Effective maneuvers, such as reducing the number of new doctoral scientists produced every year, and emphasizing quality over quantity when evaluating scientists and their research, are overwhelmed by the ongoing commercialization of science at modern universities.

The large practical problems with money are directly caused by bad policies of universities and the federal science agencies.  These causes and their effects are strongly interwoven, and combine into nothing less than a system problem!  Providing more money or reforming one or two destructive conditions are not enough; instead, the entire system must be remodeled or replaced! 

My answers to a few important ‘why questions’!

(1)  Why do scientists work for years to earn a Ph.D., just to have so many job problems in academia?  My best answer is that new doctorates in science increasingly are using their degree and research skills in jobs outside academia!

(2)  Why is science at universities and medical schools now a business?  The best answer is both simple and direct: because it provides big financial profits!

(3)  Why don’t professional scientists complain and try to change the system for funding research?  In the U.S., they are very afraid that any such activity would doom chances of getting their research grant(s) renewed!

(4)  Why don’t members of Congress and the presidents of national science societies act to change the present system for funding research?  Everything is very entrenched, and it always is extremely hard to change the status quo.  As the traditional saying goes, ‘Do not rock the boat’!

Will career problems for faculty scientists become even bigger in 2017?  

For FY2017, the proposed budget for all federal expenses increases by 4%, which is $4.2 trillion dollars [2,3]!  Science and research will receive a small portion of that total [2,3].

In addition to funding for research projects, there are several special targeted research programs termed ‘initiatives’.  Those include the ‘Precision Medicine Initiative’ prompted by the former President, and the ‘Cancer Moonshot’ urged by the former Vice-President [2-4].  For just these and several other initiatives, the U.S. could spend over $6.9 billion dollars in FY2017 [5]!  The funding for initiatives is on top of the nicely increased governmental funding for regular research projects [2-5].

It is anticipated that the new budget of $8 billion for the National Science Foundation in FY2017 will permit thousands more new research grants to be awarded to faculty scientists [5].  That sounds like a very substantial increase, but the rate for applications being funded will only increase from 22% to 23% [4]!  Thus, the intense hyper-competition between all academic scientists to get research grants will hardly be lessened!

All the well-publicized debates and arrangements made by Congress for 2017 do not really concern science and research, but are only posturing and trade-offs of political favors [e.g., 5].  My conclusion is that the new large increases in funding for research will only make the big problems in science become even bigger, so 2017 will be much more distressing for scientists than was 2016!

Want to understand more about causes and effects? 

If so, please examine some of my earlier articles!  For money in academia, see: “Money Now is Everything in Scientific Research at Universities!”.  For the vicious hyper-competition to get research grants, see “All About Today’s Hyper-Competition for Research Grants!” .  For mechanics of the current research support system, see “Three Money Cycles Support Scientific Research!” .  On the growing commercialization of science in universities, see “What is the Very Biggest Problem for Science Today?” .  For corruption in research, see: “Whistleblowers in Science are Necessary to Keep Research and Science-based Industries Honest!” , and, “Why is it so Very Hard to Eliminate Fraud and Corruption in Scientists?”.

Concluding remarks! 

Several big and very difficult problems confront today’s research scientists, and are getting even worse in 2017!   If the present downward course is not changed soon, the end result will be the death of science and research at universities (see:  “Could Science and Research Now be Dying?” ).  To rescue academic science, big changes must be made to the entire system for modern scientific research!  The system is not able to resolve its own problems, so much more external help is needed.

 

[1]  Woolston, C., 2016.  “Salaries: Reality Check”.  Nature  537:573-576.  Available on the internet at:  http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v537/n7621/full/nj7621-573a.html .

[2]  Office of Management and Budget, 2016.  “Fiscal Year 2017 Budget of the U.S. Government, Investing in Research and Development”.  U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.  PDF pages 26-28.  Available on the internet at:  https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/BUDGET-2017-BUD/pdf/BUDGET-2017-BUD.pdf .

[3]  J. Tucker and L. Koshgarian, 2016.  “Fighting for a U.S. federal budget that would help all Americans” .  Available on the internet at:  https://www.nationalpriorities.org/analysis/2016/president-obamas-2017-budget/ .

[4]  H. Ledford, S. Reardon, R. Monastersky, A. Witze, and J. Toliefson, 2016.  “Obama makes risky bid to increase science spending.  Nature News (Feb. 10, 2016).  Available on the internet at:  http://www.nature.com/news/obama-makes-risky-bid-to-increase-science-spending-1.19316 .

[5]  S. Karlin-Smith, B. Norman, and J.Haberkorn, 2016.  “Biden’s farewell gift: Cancer moonshot helps pass $6.3 billion research bill”.  POLITICO (December 7),  Available on the internet at:  http://www.politico.com/story/2016/12/joe-biden-cancer-moonshot-bill-232342 .

 

GO BACK TO HOME PAGE    OR    SCROLL UP TO MENU UNDER THE WEBSITE TITLE

JOB PROBLEMS FOR SCIENTISTS GET BIGGER IN 2016: HELP! 

 

The biggest problem for scientists is the entire SYSTEM for conducting research! (http://dr-monsrs.net)
The biggest problem for scientists is the entire SYSTEM for conducting research! (http://dr-monsrs.net)

 

The international science journal, Nature, has just released the results of its 2016 survey of job satisfaction by scientists and other professional research workers [1].  The new survey results are skillfully reported by author, Chris Woolston (see “Salaries: Reality Check” ).  This survey found that “nearly 2/3 of the 3,328 who responded to the question say that they are happy with their current job” [1]; that is good news, but the exact same figures also show that 1/3 of the respondents are unhappy!  The author concludes that the new survey “uncovered widespread unhappiness about earnings, career options, and future prospects” [1]!  Such a high level of job dissatisfaction is both amazing and worrisome!

My dispatch today discusses the shocking results of this 2016 survey.  For background information, please see my earlier articles on “Why Are University Scientists Increasingly Upset With Their Job?  Part I” , and, “Part II” .

Key features about the 2016 survey in Nature [1]!

Every 2 years Nature surveys salaries and job satisfaction with its many worldwide readers.  All in the survey are self-selected, meaning that those who are strongly disheartened or upset will be more likely to respond.  The respondents work in diverse positions, including everything from agricultural research to engineering; research workers in academia range from Postdocs to Full Professors.  The survey results are nicely broken down by age, geography, discipline in science, salary level, amount of job satisfaction or dissatisfaction, positive or negative effects of certain job conditions, and, biggest influence on career progression.  Woolston’s report on this 2016 survey is eminently readable (see: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v537/n7621/full/nj7621-573a.html )!

Notable results in this latest survey of researchers [1]! 

Money is the chief influence on scientists for creating positive or negative feelings about their job.  It determines their salary, pay raises, position, ability to do research studies, security, and future prospects.  Many report they are making financial sacrifices by pursuing a career in science [1].  Almost half the responders say that “the main challenge they face is competition for funding” (of their research) [1]. On the other hand, less than 20% of responders working in non-research positions listed competition for funding as a major problem; that probably is the chief reason they work in non-research jobs.

Geography has a major role in determining both salaries and job satisfaction for scientists, largely reflecting the status of the economy within different countries. At least 50% of responders in 8 nations believe job prospects now are worse than for previous generations; these include Brazil, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Soain, United Kingdom, and, United States [1].  Only 2 countries are listed where around 70% see job prospects now as being better than for previous generations (i.e., China, India) [1]; it seems likely that several other nations are in this group, but did not have sufficient responders to be listed.

Significant job problems for scientists beyond the very frequently cited harsh competition for research support funds d(see:  “All About Today’s Hyper-Competition for Research Grants” ) had only low levels of response, except for “lack of appropriate networks and connections” [1].  Scientists holding non-research jobs selected “lack of appropriate networks and connections” and “unwillingness or inability to sacrifice personal time or time with family” as their biggest job problem [1].

Direct quotations by working research scientists [1]!  

Many quotations from individual scientists are notably included in Woolston’s report [1].  These give a human side to the statistics reported, and some are very dramatic!

“There is no future in a research career in Italy” is stated by an Italian molecular biologist working in Naples [1].  She sees many young Italian scientists now relocating to other countries where their career path will not be so very difficult as in Italy [1].  Clearly, something must be extremely amiss to elicit this kind of explicit opinion!  Some other countries in Europe also are facing large difficulties in supporting research due to the condition of their national economy.

A Ukranian postdoc working on physics in Australia does not recommend a science career to people who ask him [1].  A faculty geneticist in Germany concurs and states, “Many people who wanted to do research end up as salespeople at some company” [1]!  Most of the public is blissfully unaware of these strongly negative feelings by scientists.

Are there other big problems besides money for today’s research scientists?  

Yes!  Several other big problems are particularly destructive for scientists working in academia (see: “The Biggest Problems Killing University Science Still Prevail in 2016!” ).  The increasing corruption in scientific research is not mentioned in the 2016 survey, but is painfully felt by faculty scientists.  Management of time is a very general difficulty for almost all academic scientists.

The large practical problems with money are directly caused by the bad policies of universities and of national research granting agencies or programs.  These causes and their effects are strongly interwoven, and combine into nothing less than a system problem!  It will not be enough to provide more money or to reform one or 2 conditions; instead, the entire system must be remodeled or replaced!

Many people do not see the devastating effects caused by the entrenched problems in scientific research.  Woolston’s report gives figures showing that 39% of all the different investigators responding would not recommend a research career [1]!  If the present downward course continues, the end result will be the death of science and research at universities (see:  “Could Science and Research Now be Dying?” ).

Concluding remarks! 

The 2016 survey of scientists by Nature indicates that today’s researcher is confronted by several difficult problems.  These result in conducting research becoming more problematic and scientists leaving the lab.  To rescue academic science from destruction, big changes must be made to the entire system for modern scientific research!

 

[1]  Woolston, C., 2016.  Salaries: Reality Check.  Nature  537:573-576.  Available on the internet at:  http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v537/n7621/full/nj7621-573a.html .

 

GO BACK TO HOME PAGE    OR    SCROLL UP TO MENU UNDER THE WEBSITE TITLE